A lot of businesses ship inventory and freight via air because it is faster. Some owners also believe it is easier as well. They have a delivery truck take inventory to the airport, it gets loaded on a plane, and goes directly to the final destination. It is essential for perishable items and time-sensitive materials to be shipped by plane, but most everything else can be sent by cargo ship for a fraction of the cost of air travel. For international freight, sea cargo is the most economical way to send inventory. That is one reason to consider it as a mode of transportation for inventory.
Another reason is that ocean travel reduces the likelihood of damage to inventory. Cargo is moving slower, and more evenly, so it will not be jostled around as much as it would on a plane. Rough seas are a possibility, but containers are packed close together to avoid excessive movement. Shipping by sea can also cut down on customs, documentation, and port fees. Inventory can typically go directly to the country of the final destination. Items go through customs at the beginning of the journey and the end, with no stops in between.
Businesses that do elect to move freight by sea will want to hire the services of a forwarding company, such as jsforwarding, to cover all the logistics. A forwarding company arranges for transport, completes all documents required, and gets inventory cleared through customs. In addition to getting items from one place to another, they can also help lower shipping costs for less than full container amounts of goods. Consolidating partial container loads from different businesses to make a full container lowers the costs of shipping via any mode of transportation.
Forwarding companies can also determine which way is the cheapest to move inventory for certain circumstances. Moving items across a border that can be accomplished via railroad, for example, may be less expensive than shipping via plane, ship, or tractor trailer. Their areas of expertise also include trade laws, fees and requirements across most international customs stops, and which documents are needed at which ports. Arranging for all those components would take businesses an immense amount of time and money to do on their own.